Go in Spanish: “Ir”, “Vamos” and Other Phrases (+ Easy Conjugation Tips) (2023)

Go in Spanish: “Ir”, “Vamos” and Other Phrases (+ Easy Conjugation Tips) (1)

written by
Caitlin Sacasas

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You’re probably familiar with phrases like¡Vamos!(“Let’s go!”) in Spanish. But have you mastered the irregular verbir(“go”) in Spanish yet?

“Go” is one of the most common verbs, so it’s one you’ll want to get the hang of first. Since it’s an irregular verb, it can be a bit tricky.

So, we’ll talk about the verbirtoday, and I’ll show you how to conjugate it too.

We’ll also look at other related words to “go” in Spanish, like “go to bed” or “go away” as well as other movement verbs.

So let’s getgoing!

Table of contents

  • “Go” in Spanish
  • How to ConjugateIrin Spanish
    • IrConjugation Pattern
  • “Let’s Go” in Spanish
  • How to Say “Go Away” in Spanish
  • “Go to Sleep” in Spanish
  • “How is Your Day Going” in Spanish?
  • “Where Are You Going?” in Spanish
  • Other Spanish Movement Verbs to Know
  • Time to Go to Your Next Spanish Lesson!

“Go” in Spanish

“To go” in Spanish isir.

In Spanish, you need to know what category the verbs fall into:-ar,-er, or-irverb endings. So whileirlooks like it should be an-irverb because that’s all it consists of, it’s actually an irregular verb.

This means it doesn’t follow the usual conjugation in Spanish but instead does its own thing. Andircan be quite tricky for beginners.

(Video) Spanish conjugation - El verbo IR presente - To go - present tense

The good part, though, is you’ll getlotsof practice with this verb because it’s so commonly used!

So let’s look at how to conjugate it.

How to ConjugateIrin Spanish

To conjugateirin Spanish, we have to memorize the irregular pattern:

  • I go:yo voy
  • You go:tú vas
  • She/he/you (formal) goes:ella/él/usted va
  • We go:nosotros vamos
  • You (plural, Spain) go:vosotros váis
  • You (plural, Latin America)/They go:ustedes/ellas/ellos van

So upon first look, you’re probably like “Why is it so strange?!” But take a closer look.

IrConjugation Pattern

If you already know some of your Spanish conjugation, you may recognize thatiractually conjugates like an-arverb in Spanish in present tense. It shifts to a “v” and then follows the same general pattern as-arverbs:-o, -as-, -a, -amos, -áis, -an.

The only difference is “I go” in Spanish –yo voy– ends in-oy.

So it’s notthatbad once you see the pattern!

Of course, it changes for each tense (and the future tense, “I will go” usesiras the root), but there are always patterns you can pick up on.

As for “going” in Spanish, it depends on what you’re going to say. If you’re saying “I am going” in Spanish, as in, going somewhere, you can useir+a:

Voy a la tienda.
“I’m going to the store.”

You can also use this same pattern to talk about things happening soon in the future:

Mañana voy a estudiar para el examen.
“Tomorrow, I’m going to study for the test.”

For “I have to go” in Spanish, you’ll combinetengo queandir:

Me tengo que ir ahora.
“I have to go now.”

(Video) The Verb TO GO in Spanish - La Canción de Ir - Spanish Grammar

If you want to learn more Spanish verb conjugations, check out our other articles:

  • Spanish Verb Conjugations: How to Master the 3 Most Important Verb Tenses
  • Master the 3 Most Important Verb Tenses in Spanish
  • How to Use Reflexive Verbs in Spanish
  • Future Tense in Spanish: An Easy Guide

“Let’s Go” in Spanish

You’re probably familiar with this one! “Let’s go” in Spanish is “¡Vamos!” You can also usevamosto say “come on.”

This is the imperative conjugation. You can also sayvámonos, which is used almost interchangeably. But there is a nuanced difference.

Vámonosis often used to say “let’s go (leave this place)”, wherevamosis used to say “let’s go (to a place)”.

Last, there’s alsovayamosorvayámonos, which are the subjunctive equivalent ofvamos/vámonos. The subjunctive form means to express a wish or desire, sovayamosis more like “I’d like us to go” or “Let’s go (if that’s cool with you)”. It’s also more formal.

Some related expressions:

  • “Let’s go home” –Vamos a casa
  • “Hurry up” –Date prisa
  • “Move it!” –¡Muévete!
  • “Come along!” –¡Ándale!
  • “Let’s go together” –Vamos juntas/juntos
  • “Let’s go out” –Salgamos

How to Say “Go Away” in Spanish

You can command someone to leave by saying “¡Vete!

The verb “to go away, to leave, to go out” isirse. But there are other phrases you could use too, like:

  • “Leave me alone!” –¡Déjame en paz!
  • “Go away” (Lit. “erase yourself” in Mexican Spanish) –Borrate
  • “Back off!” or “Beat it!” –¡Lárgate!
  • “Get away!” –¡Aléjate!
  • “Get out” –Quítate

“Go to Sleep” in Spanish

If you want to say “go to sleep” in Spanish, you have to learn the verb for “sleep” which isdormir.

Like we talked about before, you need to use their+apattern when saying “go to” or “going to”. So “go to sleep” isir a dormir. Just conjugateirto fit the pronoun of the sentence.

For example:

Me voy a dormir.
“I’m going to sleep.”

As for “to go to bed” in Spanish, this one is a new verb:acostarse.

Acostarsealso means to “lie down” or “turn in”. So you could say something like:

(Video) Ir Conjugation: The Verb "To Go" in Spanish (Present, Past & Future)

Me acuesto en la cama.
“I lie down in bed.”

Me voy a acostar e la cama.
“I’m going to lie down in bed.”

Me voy a la cama ahora.
“I’m going to bed now.”

“How is Your Day Going” in Spanish?

We also use “go” often in English when asking how someone is doing, like “How is your day going?” or “How’s it going?”

So to ask “how is your day going” in Spanish, you would say¿Cómo va tu día?or¿Cómo llevas el día?You might also hear the phrase¿Qué tal tu dia?, which doesn’t use the verbirbut instead uses the question phrasequé tal.

For “how is it going” in Spanish, there are many similar ways to ask this, but only some actually use “go”. Here are some:

  • “How is everything?” –¿Cómo va todo?
  • “How are you?” or “What’s up?” or “How’s it going?” –¿Qué tal?
  • “How are you?” –¿Cómo estás?
  • “How’s it going?” –¿Cómo te va?or¿Cómo va?

In English, we often ask “How’s it going?” to mean “How are you?” But if you’re asking about something, like a project, then you could say something like:

¿Cómo va tu proyecto?
“How’s your project going?”

¿Cómo va todo por allá?
“How’s it going over there?”

“Where Are You Going?” in Spanish

“Where?” in Spanish isdónde. (And if you need a refresher of question words in Spanish,freshen up your skills with this article.)

So to ask “Where are you going?”, you say¿Adónde vas?The more formal version would be¿Adónde va?

To change it to something like “Where are we going?” in Spanish, you only need to changeirto match its pronoun. In this case, it’d be¿A dónde vamos?

If you’re wondering where someone has been, you can changeirto its past tense form and ask:¿A dónde fuiste?

Other Spanish Movement Verbs to Know

Now that you’ve learned a lot of ways to use “go” in Spanish, let’s cover some other common movement verbs!

(Video) How to use the verb “To Go” - IR in Spanish: IR, VOY, VAS in SPANISH

  • Run:correr
  • Fly:volar
  • Approach:acercarse
  • Fall:caer
  • Arrive:llegar
  • Bring:traer
  • Throw:lanzar
  • Enter, go in:entrar
  • Get out/leave:salirorirse
  • Get off:bajar
  • Get up:levantarse
  • Climb:escalar
  • Ride:montar*
  • Move forward:avanzar
  • Move something:mover
  • Roll:rodar
  • Come:venir
  • Dodge:esquivar
  • Push:empujar
  • Jump:saltar
  • Crawl:arrastrarse
  • Escape:escapar
  • Lie down:tumbarse
  • Pick up:recoger
  • Cross:cruzar
  • Exercise:ejercer,ejercitar
  • Return:regresar
  • Walk:caminar
  • Swim:nadar
  • Drive:conducir
  • Follow:seguir

A tip here: Try pairing similar or opposite words to learn together. For instance,caminar(“walk”) andcorrer(“run”). Orllegar(“arrive”) andsalir(“leave”). It’s easier to remember new vocab this way.

Now it’s your turn. Try using these new words in sentences, and play around with conjugating them. Get used to them, both in writing and speaking.

Start with the words that are most relevant toyou, words you think you’ll use the most. Using a flashcard app can really help, too!

Time to Go to Your Next Spanish Lesson!

Let’s wrap things up! Let’s refresh what we just learned:

Iris “go” in Spanish. It’s an irregular verb, so watch out for conjugation! In present tense, that looks like:

  • I go:yo voy
  • You go:tú vas
  • She/he/you (formal) goes:ella/él/usted va
  • We go:nosotros vamos
  • You (plural, Spain) go:vosotros váis
  • You (plural, Latin America)/They go:ustedes/ellas/ellos van

We learned thatir+ a* means “go to” or “going to” like:

Voy a la tienda.
“I’m going to the store.*

And we learned phrases like:

  • “Let’s go” –Vamos
  • “Go away” –Vete
  • “Go to sleep” –Ir a dormir
  • “Go to bed” –Acostarse
  • “How’s your day going?” –¿Cómo va tu día?
  • “Where are you going?” –¿Adónde vas?

… And a lot more!

So now it’s time to move on to your next Spanish lesson. And I have some recommendations for you:

  • 101 Common Spanish Words to Know
  • ¡Lo Siento! and 25 More Ways to Say “Sorry” in Spanish
  • Spanish Adjectives to Add Sparkle to Your Sentences
  • 20+ Resources for Spanish Reading for Every Level
  • Benny’s Top Resources for Learning Spanish

Go in Spanish: “Ir”, “Vamos” and Other Phrases (+ Easy Conjugation Tips) (2)

Caitlin Sacasas

Content Writer, Fluent in 3 Months

(Video) Spanish Verb Forms of IR- to Go

Caitlin is a content creator, fitness trainer, zero waster, language lover, and Star Wars nerd. She blogs about fitness and sustainability at Rebel Heart Beauty.

Speaks: English, Japanese, Korean, Spanish

View all posts by Caitlin Sacasas


How do you conjugate IR to go? ›

Ir is an irregular and stem-changing verb that means “to go.” It is part of the –ir verbs in Spanish such as decir, seguir, venir and salir.
Ir Conjugation: Imperative Mood.
¡Ve!¡No vayas!
Usted¡Vaya!¡No vaya!
Nosotros¡Vayamos! O ¡Vamos!¡No vayamos!
Ellos, Ellas, Ustedes¡Vayan!¡No vayan!
24 Jun 2021

How do you conjugate IR verbs in Spanish? ›

Simply put, to conjugate an -ir verb, drop the -ir and add the appropriate ending according to the person and tense. For example, in the present tense you add -o, -es, -e, -imos, -ís, or -en to the remaining stem after removing -ir.

What are the 5 conjugations of IR? ›

The 5 conjugations of ir are voy, vas, va, vamos and van. Voy sounds exactly like the word 'boy' in English.

What are the 6 forms of IR in Spanish? ›

  • iré
  • irás.
  • irá
  • iremos.
  • iréis.
  • irán.

What is the conjugation of go? ›

presentⓘ present simple or simple present
he, she, itgoes
2 more rows

Is vamos a ir verb? ›

It can be used for everything from announcing where you are going to what you are going to do. The verb Ir happens to be a highly irregular verb. Like ser, it doesn't follow the normal patterns for verb conjugations.
Spanish Verb IR.
PronounPresent tense of ir
Ud., él, ellava
2 more rows

What are the 3 types of verbs in Spanish? ›

First things first: there are three classes of Spanish verbs: -ar verbs, -er verbs, and -ir verbs. These are the infinitive verb endings (or dictionary form of the verb).

How many IR verbs are there? ›

There are around 60 irregular -ir verbs, but that doesn't mean you have to memorize 60 different verb conjugation tables.

How do you use IR in a sentence? ›

In most instances, ir translates simply from the English verb 'to go'. Here are a few examples of how you can use ir in a Spanish sentence: English: I go to the bank two times per week. Español: Voy al banco dos veces a la semana.

How do you translate IR verbs? ›

To conjugate these verbs, drop the -ir from the infinitive and add the second conjugation present tense endings: -is, -is, -it, -issons, -issez, -issent. The singular and plural forms of the third person are clearly distinguishable (finit vs. finissent).

What are some IR words in Spanish? ›

Common Regular Verbs
  • vivir (to live, pronounced: vee-veer)
  • escribir (to write, pronounced: ehs-kree-beer)
  • recibir (to receive, pronounced: reh-see-beer)
  • permitir (to allow, pronounced: per-mee-teer)
  • abrir (to open, pronounced: ah-breer)
  • subir (to go up, pronounced: soo-beer)
  • decidir (to decide, pronounced: deh-see-deer)

What are some examples of IR verbs? ›

7 Common Spanish –ir Verbs and How to Use Them
  • Escribir. English: To write. ...
  • Vivir. English: To live. ...
  • Confundir. English: To confuse, to conflate, to mix things up. ...
  • Discutir. English: To argue. ...
  • Subir. English: To rise, to go up, to get on board. ...
  • Descubrir. English: To discover. ...
  • Existir. English: To exist.
31 Aug 2022

What are the IR endings? ›

Verbs with infinitives ending in –ir form a third group of regular verbs, often called third conjugation verbs. To form the present tense conjugations of these verbs, drop the –ir from the infinitive and add the third conjugation endings (-o, -es, -e, -imos, -en) to the resulting stem.

What are the formula for IR in Spanish? ›

Using the formula, you can create sentences such as: Yo voy (ir) a (a) caminar (infinitive). Tú vas (ir) a (a) saber (infinitive). Nosotros vamos (ir) a (a) correr (infinitive).
Refresh the Present.
PronounIr conjugation
3 more rows
28 Sept 2022

What verb is Fui? ›

FUI & FOI - these are how you express went. I went (fui), you/he/she went (fui). It's the past tense for action that is DONE, DONE, DONE.

What are the 12 tenses of go? ›

English verb conjugation TO GO
  • Indicative.
  • Present. I go. you go. he goes. ...
  • I am going. you are going. he is going. we are going. ...
  • I went. you went. he went. we went. ...
  • I was going. you were going. he was going. ...
  • I have gone. you have gone. he has gone. ...
  • I have been going. you have been going. he has been going. ...
  • I had gone. you had gone. he had gone.

What is simple tense go? ›

The simple present tense of 'go' is either 'go' or 'goes' and can be used in the following ways: They/you/we/I go down the lane. He/she/it goes down the lane.

What is the perfect tense of go? ›

For example, if you want to use go in the present perfect tense, you say, “I have gone.”

Which is correct Vamos or vamanos? ›

Vámonos is referring more to "leave a place", e.g. "Vámonos de aquí. No me gusta este pub.", while the shorter version "vamos" will generally imply "let´s go [somewhere]": "Vamos a la playa" (Let's go to the beach). I hope this helped.

What is the future tense of Vamos? ›

Ir + a + infinitive

What tense is vamos? ›


What are the 7 simple Spanish tenses? ›

The following are the simple tenses and their uses:
  • Present (presente)
  • Imperfect (pretérito imperfecto)
  • Preterite (pretérito indefinido)
  • Future (futuro simple or futuro imperfecto)
  • Simple conditional (condicional simple or pospretérito)
  • Present perfect (pretérito perfecto)

What are the 50 most common verbs in Spanish? ›

The 50 Most Common Spanish Verbs
12 more rows
26 Sept 2012

What are the 5 ER verbs in Spanish? ›

Common -er Verbs
aprenderto learn
comprenderto understand; to comprehend
correrto run
creer (en)to believe (in)
leerto read
5 more rows

What are the 5 AR verbs in Spanish? ›

I also chose the verbs that are used in different countries of the Spanish-speaking world.
  • Abrazar – To hug, to hold, to embrace. ...
  • Acabar – To end, to finish. ...
  • Acordar – To agree, to remind, to remember. ...
  • Almorzar – To have lunch. ...
  • Amar – To love. ...
  • Andar – To go, to walk, to take, to work, to feel, to be about. ...
  • Bailar – To dance.
2 Oct 2022

Why is IR followed by a? ›

Going to a location in Spanish: ir + a + (place)

The most basic way to use the above conjugations of the verb ir is to talk about where someone is going now. You'll add in the preposition a (to) before the destination. Voy a casa. — I'm going home.

How do you use IR verbs in a sentence in Spanish? ›

The importance of the verb “IR” (to go)
  1. Voy al cine (I'm going to the movies)
  2. Vas a ir a la escuela (You will go to school)
  3. Ella va al gimnasio todas las mañanas (She goes to the gym every morning)
  4. Vamos a la playa (We are going to the beach)
  5. Ellos van a manejar (They are going to drive)

How do you make IR in present tense? ›

The stem of regular -ir verbs in the present simple tense is formed by taking the infinitive and chopping off -ir.

Do any 5 letter words end in IR? ›

Hint: Use the advanced search form below for more accurate results.
5-letter words ending with IR.
18 more rows

What is ir a infinitive examples? ›

Examples of Infinitives:
  • Hablar – to talk.
  • Correr – to run.
  • Comer – to eat.
  • Salir – to leave, to go out.

Are all IR verbs irregular? ›

The first group of irregular -ir verbs is essentially conjugated like the verb partir ("to leave"). This group also includes the following verbs, plus their derivatives: consentir > to consent.
Verbs Conjugated Like 'Partir'
Partir, Presentpart-
2 more rows
21 Feb 2020

Is estaba a verb? ›

The correct form of the verb estar in the imperfect tense. The present participle (which is also called the gerund.
The imperfect continuous tense.
imperfect tense of estar
2 more rows

Is essere a verb? ›

Learning the conjugation of the verb essere is fundamental if you want to learn Italian, as it is by far the most used verb of the language. Essere is an auxiliary verb, which means it is used to make other verbal tenses. Essere is also irregular, so you will have to learn all of its forms by heart.

What form is estaba? ›

SubjectPresent (am/is/are)Imperfect (was/were)
yo (I)estoyestaba
tú (You)estásestabas
él/ella/Ud. (He/She)estáestaba
nosotros (We)estamosestábamos
2 more rows
15 Jul 2020

Is IR to go? ›

Ir is the Spanish verb "to go". Although irregular, it is one of the most important verbs. Ella Verbs lists "ir" as one of the top 30 verbs to learn for beginners. Examples of IR: I go to school, you went to Mexico on holiday, we are going to the concert on Saturday.

Is Fui to go or to be? ›

Fui can mean either “I was” or “I went,” fuiste can mean either “you were” or “you went,” and so on.

What is past tense of IR? ›

Ir Conjugation: Preterite Tense
1 more row

Is go to a verbs? ›

Going to: present continuous

We use the present continuous form of the verb go + preposition to + noun phrase to talk about movement in relation to a place or a person in the present: Are you going to Maggie's party tonight? I'm going to the shops.

Should go is a verb? ›

The auxiliary verb should is invariable. There is only one form: should. The main verb is usually in the base form (He should go).

Can I come in or go in? ›

Grammar > Easily confused words > Come or go? We use come to describe movement between the speaker and listener, and movement from another place to the place where the speaker or listener is. We usually use go to talk about movement from where the speaker or listener is to another place.

Where we use go to? ›

We use go to a/the + nouns describing places or events. We use go to + the before nouns of places that we typically go in the city. I need to go to the dentist. I'm going to the bank.

What tense is ir a infinitive? ›

Ir + a + infinitive is a simple Spanish formula for expressing the near future. In fact, a similar formula exists in English, where we swap ir for “going”: What are you going to do today?


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